GIOVANNI GIULIANI

Venice 1664 - 1744 Heiligenkreuz
Born on 29 April 1664, Giovanni Giuliani was the son of a Venetian baker. There is little documentary evidence of his earliest artistic career but it is assumed that he received his training in Venice and Bologna. Like almost all the sculptors of this epoch in his native city, he was influenced stylistically by the dominant Flemish artist Giusto Le Court (1627–1749). In Bologna Giuliani was probably a pupil of Giuseppe Mazza (1653–1741), subsequently journeying to Munich where he lived between 1680 and 1690 and worked in the studio of the court sculptor Andreas Faistenberger (1647–1736).

In 1690 he began to work as a sculptor in Vienna, initially for Prince Montecuccoli. The earliest surviving signed “bozzetto”, a Hermes from 1690, was probably intended for the prince's garden. In 1693 Giuliani married the gardener's daughter Anna Felicitas Grässl in the parish church of St Leopold in Leopoldstadt. In 1695 he swore a citizen's oath in Vienna and until 1699 was registered as living at the Jesuit College in the Stubenviertel quarter.

In 1694 he began to work for the abbey at Heiligenkreuz. Together with his fellow-sculptor Benedikt Sondermayr he was awarded the commission for the high altar and two side altars in the abbey church. In 1695 Giovanni Giuliani began working for the Imperial Vice-Chancellor, Dominik Andreas, Count Kaunitz, at Austerlitz in southern Moravia.

It was while he was engaged on these commissions for Heiligenkreuz and Count Kaunitz that Giuliani's contacts with the Liechtenstein family began. For Prince Johann Adam Andreas I von Liechtenstein from 1697 he created the sculptural decor for the palace on Bankgasse, the extensive gardens and the palace in Rossau as well as the statues for the large stable complex at Eisgrub. In 1701 Giuliani moved into the prince's palace.

In 1711 he entered the monastery at Heiligenkreuz as a lay brother (familiaris). The reason for this drastic decision was a personal crisis in his life: in 1705 he had separated from his wife and in 1711 he was forced to leave Vienna on account of his debts. Giuliani lived on for another 33 years in the monastery. On becoming a lay brother Giuliani devoted himself almost exclusively to the numerous commissions of the abbey, whose appearance he had a decisive influence in shaping. For the courtyard at Heiligenkreuz he executed the monumental Trinity Column and the St Joseph Fountain. From 1736 Giuliani made sculptures for the garden of Abbot Robert Leeb in Leopoldstadt, a comprehensive ensemble of over sixty statues representing an impressive array of apostles and saints.
Following his death on 5 September 1744 the monastery inherited his entire estate, including a collection of clay “bozzetti” unique in European Baroque sculpture.
Giovanni Giuliani
Africa, 1707

Terracotta, height 29,4 cm, width 17 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 014
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Giovanni Giuliani
Allegory of Europa, 1707/1709

Sandstone, height 173 cm, width 93 cm, depth 86 cm
Inv.-No. SK918
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Giovanni Giuliani
Amor Patriae, 1704

Terracotta, height 38,7 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 120
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Giovanni Giuliani
Asia, 1707

Terracotta, height 23 cm, width 15,7 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 111
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Giovanni Giuliani
Atalanta, 1700

Terracotta, height 42 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 115
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Giovanni Giuliani
Aurora, c. 1697

Terracotta, height 28,8 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 113
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Giovanni Giuliani
Beneficium, 1704

Terracotta, height 39,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 011
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Giovanni Giuliani
Bishop with flowing beard, 1707

Limewood, height 70 cm, width 43 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 176
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Giovanni Giuliani
Christ washing the feet of the Apostle Peter, 1705

Limewood, formerly painted, height 156 cm, width 120 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Cloister, Inv.-No. 186
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Giovanni Giuliani
Christ washing the feet of the Apostle Peter, 1705

Terracotta, height 28,5 cm, width 33,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 006
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Giovanni Giuliani
Christ washing the feet of the Apostle Peter, 1705

Terracotta, gilded, height 21,2 cm, width 29,3 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 007
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Giovanni Giuliani
Cleopatra, 1707

Sandstone, height 200 cm
Inv.-No. SK922
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Giovanni Giuliani
Dancing Faun, 1707

Sandstone, height 195 cm
Inv.-No. SK923
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Giovanni Giuliani
Deposition, after 1735

Limewood, formerly painted, height 322 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 182
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Giovanni Giuliani
Eliezer and Rebecca at the well, 1735

Terracotta, height 34,7 cm, width 26,7 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 040A
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Giovanni Giuliani
Europe, 1707

Terracotta, height 23,7 cm, width 17,3 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 112
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Giovanni Giuliani
Fama Buona, 1704

Terracotta, height 39 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 010
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Giovanni Giuliani
Four standing blackamoors, 1722

Polychromed wood, height 111 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 172
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Giovanni Giuliani
Hercules and Antaeus, c. 1735

Terracotta, height 32,2 cm, width 20 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 124
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Giovanni Giuliani
Hercules slaying Ladon, the dragon of the Hesperides, before 1724

Terracotta, height 44,4 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 125
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Giovanni Giuliani
Hermit with long beard, 1707

Limewood, height 53 cm, width 40 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 177
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Giovanni Giuliani
Hermit with short beard, 1707

Limewood, height 53 cm, width 39,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 175
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Giovanni Giuliani
Mary Magdalene drying Christ's feet, 1705

Limewood, formerly painted, height 160 cm, width 108 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Cloister, Inv.-No. 185
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Giovanni Giuliani
Mary Magdalene drying Christ's feet, 1705

Terracotta, height 38,5 cm, width 50 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 004
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Giovanni Giuliani
Mary Magdalene drying Christ's feet, 1705

Terracotta, height 32 cm, width 42 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 005
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Giovanni Giuliani
Meleager, c. 1700

Terracotta, height 42 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 114
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Giovanni Giuliani
Moses and David, 1707

Limewood, height 106 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 173
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Giovanni Giuliani
Poet laureate in a monk's habit, 1707

Limewood, height 52 cm, width 39 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 178
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Benedict, 1732

Terracotta, height 34 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 061
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Bernhard, 1738

Terracotta, height 32,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 062
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Bernhard, c. 1732

Terracotta, height 34,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 100
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Elisabeth, 1694

Terracotta, height 36,2 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 080
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Joachim, 1694

Terracotta, height 35 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 079
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Leopold, 1738

Terracotta, height 32,5 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 063
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Giovanni Giuliani
St Mary Magdalene, 1694

Terracotta with composition gold surface, height 33,3 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 81
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Giovanni Giuliani
Standing Neptune, 1705

Terracotta, height 50,2 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Stiftsmuseum, Inv.-No. 009
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Giovanni Giuliani
Two angels with armorial cartouches, 1707

Limewood, height 105 cm
Stift Heiligenkreuz, Church, Inv.-No. 174
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Giovanni Giuliani
Venus Anadyomene, 1705

Terracotta, height 47 cm
Inv.-No. SK917
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Giovanni Giuliani
Wooden base for a pietra-dura table top by the Castrucci-workshop, 1711

Carved limewood, in 1847 the original gilt bronze was heavily gilded and silver gilt, height 81 cm, width 81 cm, depth 86 cm
Inv.-No. MO1565
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Giovanni Giuliani
Wooden base for the pietra - dura table top by Piero Pandolfini, 1711

Carved lime, in 1847 the original green bronze gilding heavily gilded and silver gillt, height 82 cm, width 113 cm, depth 95 cm
Inv.-No. MO1566
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Giovanni Giuliani
Wooden base for the pietra dura table-top, 1711

Lime, in 1847 the original green bronze gilding was heavily gilt and silver gilt, height 82 cm, width 103 cm, depth 63 cm
Inv.-No. MO1567
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