Vienna 1719 - 1864 Vienna
In 1719 Claude Innocentius du Paquier opened the second European porcelain factory in Vienna. At first porcelain had only been produced in China, where kaolin, the most important ingredient, can be found. Not till 1710 did Johann Friedrich Böttger discover the secret to making porcelain in Meissen, Saxony.
In 1718 Karl VI granted Du Paquier an exclusive license for the production and sale of porcelain. Soon, the manufactured porcelain became famous for its rich decoration, including European landscapes, hunting scenes, subjects from classical mythology and floral arrangements.
Maria Theresa recognised the importance of the craft industry for the economy, and allowed the use of the imperial coat of arms, the so-called Bindenschild of the House of Babenberg. It remains the trademark of Augarten porcelain founded in 1923.
Despite his success Du Paquier found himself in great financial difficulties. When, in 1744, his imperial licence expired, and he had to sell his factory to the state.