Vienna 1787 - 1828 Dresden
Josef Rebell can be regarded as the most significant innovator of Viennese landscape painting of the early 19th century. Despite his early death, his small body of work was highly influential. His handling of light is also reflected in the works of Waldmüller.
Initially studying architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, Rebell then switched to landscape painting. Michael Wutky, a specialist in atmospheric Italian pieces, was his teacher and inspiration to go to Italy. In 1809 Rebell travelled via Switzerland to Northern Italy, and from 1815 to 1824 he worked in Rome together with a group of German painters. There he was discovered by Emperor Franz I, who purchased four of his paintings and appointed him director of the Imperial Picture Gallery in Vienna in 1824.