Lucca 1708 - 1787 Rome
Pompeo Batoni initially worked in his father’s goldsmith workshop in Lucca. His later work as a painter frequently reflected this training, as shown in one of the pictures in the Princely Collections (Venus Presenting Aeneas with Armour Forged by Vulcan, 1748). In 1728 Batoni went to Rome where he studied Raphael and the works of classical antiquity.

Together with Anton Raphael Mengs, Batoni was one of the 18th century’s outstanding Roman painters. He was particularly sought as a portraitist, especially by travelling nobility who came to Rome during their grand tours to visit the ancient sites. Numerous English aristocrats possess portraits from this period. Yet Batoni also devoted himself successfully to ecclesiastical and secular historical painting. His patrons included Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein and Prussia’s King Friedrich II.
Pompeo Girolamo Batoni
Hercules at the Crossroads, 1748

Oil on canvas, height 99 cm, width 74 cm
Inv.-No. GE161
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Pompeo Girolamo Batoni
Venus Presenting Aeneas with Armour Forged by Vulcan, 1748

Oil on canvas, height 99 cm, width 74 cm
Inv.-No. GE163
[learn more]
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